Land Measurements

If you are buying property in Thailand the measurements can become confusing. It is neither imperial nor metric. We have a convertor on our site to convert Rai into square meters. The Thai system has not changed and when buying property it is best to understand it.

The metric system was officially introduced by a law passed on December 17, 1923. However, old Thai units are still in common use, especially for measurements of land which is often quoted using the traditional Thai system of waa, ngaan and rai. Old-timers in the provinces will occasionally use the traditional Thai system of weights and measures in speech, as will boat-builders, carpenters and other craftsmen when talking about their work. Here are some conversions to use for such occasions:

Thai system

Metric System
1 square wha 4 square meters
1 ngan (100 square wha) 400 square meters
1 rai (4 ngan) (1 sq cen) 1600 square meters
1 baht 15.16 grams
1 tamlung (4 Baht) 60 grams
1 chang (20 tamlung) 1.2 kg
1 haap (50 chang) 60 kg
1 niu 2 cm
1 kheup (12 niu) 25 cm
1 sawk (2 kheup) 50 cm
1 waa (4 sawk) 2 meters
1 sen (20 waa) 40 meters
1 yoht (400 sen) 16 km
1 kwien 2,000 liters
1 ban 1,000 liters (2 ban=1 kwien)
1 sat 20 liters (50 sat=1 ban)
1 tannan 1 liter (20 tannan=1 sat)

 

Buying a Condo

Buying Condo in Thailand

Foreigners or expatriates prefer to lease or buy condominiums in Thailand. Some buy it for retirement while others buy it to rent out and only use it as a holiday home. There are different options with regards to property in Thailand.

Buying a condo in Thailand is much easier that trying to buy a villa or a house as a foreigner may not own land in Thailand. You can own the structure but not the land that it is located on. This does present many problems hence people prefer to buy a condo unit. some of the most popular locations tend to be Jomtien in Pattaya and Phuket. Bangkok is not that high on the list when it comes to the number of expats living in Thailand who own their own homes.

The condo that you buy has to be certified as a condo. The Condominium Act defines what a condo is and the certification process. If you are buying a secondhand property it is always best to have an attorney view the agreement and the title deed which the owner more likely than not has as very few condo units sold between foreigners have mortgage bonds on them.  Now, this is very important. The amount of units in the condominium complex may not be owned by more than 49% foreigners. Many foreigners register the condominium in the name of a Thai registered company and this does not affect the ration as it is viewed as being Thai owned.

Due diligence should always be performed before you sign any agreement in Thailand with regards to property. Consult any of our attorneys in Thailand with regard to having due diligence completed on the property before purchase.

 

Thailand Lawyer : Property

Buying property in Thailand will always require the assistance of a lawyer. With branches in Bangkok, Pattaya, Samui, Phuket, Chiang Mai and Hua Hin. We at Siam Legal are able to offer you the best service possible in Thailand as the largest legal services network in the country. Speak to us about your property transactions either in person at any of out offices, via live chat on our main website or via our tollfree US and UK numbers. See our main website for more details.

Offices located in Thailand

Bangkok: Head Office
Interchange 21 Building, 23rd Floor., 399 Sukhumvit Road,
North Klongtoey,Wattana,
Bangkok 10110
Tel : 662-253-8100
Fax : 662-253-8010

Phuket
123/27-28 Moo 5, Bangtao Place T. Cherngtalay, A. Thalang,
Phuket 83110, Thailand
Tel : 66 06-326-322

Pattaya
6/56 Moo 6, North Pattaya Road,
Banglamung, Chonburi 20150 Thailand
Tel :66 38-370-786

Koh Samui
142/17 Maret, IT Complex,
Building Suite 309, Lamai Beach,
Koh Samui, 84310 Thailand
Tel : 66 77-230-291

Hua Hin
41/223  Hua Hin  Huay Mongkol Rd
Petchkasem Road, Hua Hin,
Prachuabkirikhan, 77110 Thailand
Tel : 663-251-6375

Chiang Mai
Changkran Plaza- Suite 7,
191 Changkran Road Muang Chiang Mai,
Chiang Mai, 50100 Thailand
Tel : 66 53-818-306

 

Title Deeds in Thailand

Title Deeds in Thailand are divided into different classes. Some of the title deeds are very limiting as it has been assigned by the government for a special purpose. Certain title deeds are only for possession and not ownership. Let me explain.

Chanote

This is also known as the Nor Sor 4 Jor which is a true title deed. The land is not restricted and it is the most secure type of land title but land with a chanote can often be hard to find.

Nor Sor 3

Nor Sor 3 is a floating map with no parcel points issued for a specific plot of land and not connected to other land plots, but its boundaries are recorded according to its neighboring plots. Therefore, it may cause some problems in verifying boundaries due to lack of accurate surveys.

Nor Sor 3 Gor

The Nor Sor 3 Gor has the same legal basis as the Nor Sor 3, with the difference being that in general Nor Sor 3 Gor has parcel points on the map of the land area set by using an aerial survey with a scale of 1:5000. It is a more accurately surveyed title as each plot is crossed referenced to a master survey of the land area and a corresponding aerial photograph.

Sor Kor 1

Sor Kor 1 is a notification form of possessed land, which shows and maintains the existing rights to the particular land. On December 1st 1954, the government advised all land proprietors to notify their possession of land to the government using a ‘Sor Kor 1’ form. After it was proven that such a proprietor had possessed and used the benefit of the land legally, the government would then issue ‘Nor Sor 3’ or ‘Nor Sor 3 Gor’ as an evidence, which are legal certificates stating the owner’s name that they have the right to such land according to the principle land administration law.